Measures: 4 x 3 (95mm x 75mm). Palekh miniature (Russian:) is a Russian folk handicraft of a miniature painting, which is done with tempera paints on varnished articles made of papier-mâché small boxes, cigarette and powder cases etc. Palekh Russian lacquer art on papier-mâché first appeared in 1923 in the village of Palekh, located in the Palekhsky District (Ivanovo Oblast), and is based on a long local history of icon painting. This handicraft and style of miniature painting bore different names throughout its development, such as the Palekh Artel of Ancient Painting (since 1924), Palekh Artists Association (since 1932), and Artistic Production Workshops of the Artistic Fund of the USSR (since 1953).
The technology of making a semi-finished product was borrowed from the lacquer handicraft masters of Fedoskino (see Fedoskino miniature). The Palekh miniatures usually represent characters from real life, literary works, fairy tales, bylinas, and songs. They are painted with local bright paints over the black background and are known for their delicate and smooth design, abundance of golden shading, and accurate silhouettes of flattened figures, which often cover the surface of the lids and sides of the articles completely. Poetic magic of the Palekh characters, decorativeness of landscapes and architecture, and elongated proportions of the figures go back to the icon-painting traditions. The miniatures are usually set off with a complicated pattern made with gold dissolved in aqua regia.
Palekh is the most renowned of four such famous villages, the others being Kholuy, Mstyora, and Fedoskino, each producing similar, but clearly distinct artistic style. A note on numbering boxes: On lacquer boxes produced in the official workshops of Fedoskino and Palekh there is frequently a number near the village name. Because the demand for papier mache boxes is so great, each blank box produced in these official (formerly government run) factories, is given an inventory number to make sure that the boxes aren't being pilfered. The number has no relation to the painting, only to the blank papier mache box. A box with #1240 written in the margin simply means that the papier mache blank is number 1240 of the boxes of that same shape and size produced in that year.
Each of those 1240 boxes may have a completely different painting, and the numbering starts over again with the new year. The item "1984 Vintage Russian Lacquer Box From Palekh Artist Signed 4 x 3 Troika Scene" is in sale since Monday, February 05, 2018. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Russian". The seller is "jeekiteen" and is located in Hesperia, California. This item can be shipped to United States.